By Michael Weston
Weston examines the position of literature in philosophical mirrored image at the value of lifestyles, addressing either the ecu "Post-Nietzschean" culture and the expanding significance of those concerns for significant American and British thinkers.
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Extra info for Philosophy, Literature and the Human Good
For what is said in irony is at odds with the way in which it is said or with the person who says it. What can therefore be communicated in irony is not so much a message as an awareness of what can be said, a sensitivity to the conditions of communication themselves. 28 Irony characterizes the ‘transcendental poetry’ by making relative anything said, whilst involving the reader or thinker in what is not relative, the conditions of communication. What is said will appear to be directly aﬃrmed, and yet the manner of its saying will dislodge this aﬃrmation by involving the reader in a development of the very concepts used in the aﬃrmation itself.
6 As there can be no ‘autonomous being’, there can be no terminus which would ﬁx meaning and so being: rather these are constituted only as diﬀerences without end. Constitution as diﬀerences depends upon ‘diﬀerence’, on ‘relation’, on the ‘gap’ between diﬀerences which prevents them ever constituting the ‘ﬁnal word’ or ‘reality’. It is this ‘gap’ which is Bataille’s concern: it cannot become the object of thought, since this would constitute it as a diﬀerence rather than as the diﬀering itself.
31 If we did not feel repulsion at the sex organs our desire would not have the imperative form it does but would be akin to a desire for, say, ice-cream. The repulsion marks our recognition as discontinuous beings of what indicates a complicity with the desire for continuity, a recognition which threatens our identity. But our desire marks our recognition that this complicity is us too. The involvement of repulsion in desire, so that without the aversion there would be no attraction or not the same kind, indicates the paradoxical nature of our existence.
Philosophy, Literature and the Human Good by Michael Weston