Get Philosophy and the Spontaneous Philosophy of the Scientists PDF

By Louis Althusser

ISBN-10: 0860919560

ISBN-13: 9780860919568

Accrued listed here are Althusser's most vital philosophical writings from 1965 to 1978.Intended to give a contribution, in his personal phrases, to a "left-wing critique of Stalinism that will aid placed a few substance again into the innovative undertaking the following within the West," they're the list of a shared heritage. even as they chart Althusser's critique of the theoretical procedure unveiled in his personal significant works, and his constructing perform of philosophy as a "revolutionary weapon." testifying to the original position which Althusser has occupied in smooth highbrow background - among a convention of Marxism which he sought to reconstruct, and a "post-Marxism" which has eclipsed its predecessor - those texts are critical examining.

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What is a theoretical discourse? In the most general sense, it is a discourse that results in the knowledge of an object. At this point, in order to make what follows intelligible, we must offer a few clarifications, anticipating theoretical developments that will be published later. We shall say that, in the strong sense of the term, only particular real and concrete objects exist. At the same time, we shall say that the ultimate purpose of any theoretical discourse is 'concrete' knowledge (Marx) of these particular real and concrete objects.

Be that as it may, we can say that the concrete knowledge of a concrete object indeed appears to us as the 'synthesis' of which Marx spoke: a synthesis of the requisite theoretical concepts (in the strong sense) combined with elaborated empirical concepts. There is no concrete knowledge of a concrete object without the necessary recourse to the knowledge of those specific objects that correspond to the abstractformal concepts of theory in the strong sense. For the moment, these specific points suffice for introducing an important distinction between the possible objects of a theoretical discourse.

This, then, is the scientific doctrine which, in the course of a long and patient struggle, was imported from without into a working-class movement still given over to ideology, and transformed that movement's theoretical foundations. 2. The second cardinal principle concerns the nature of the historical union sealed between Marx's scientific theory and the working-class movement. This historical union, whose effects dominate all of contemporary history, was by no means an accident, even a happy one.

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Philosophy and the Spontaneous Philosophy of the Scientists & Other Essays by Louis Althusser


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