Download e-book for kindle: Normativity and the Will: Selected Essays on Moral by R. Jay Wallace

By R. Jay Wallace

ISBN-10: 1429430818

ISBN-13: 9781429430814

Normativity and the desire collects fourteen very important papers on ethical psychology and useful cause by means of R. Jay Wallace, one of many top philosophers at present operating in those parts. The papers discover the interpenetration of normative and mental concerns in a chain of debates that lie on the middle of ethical philosophy. issues which are addressed contain cause, hope, and the need; accountability, id, and emotion; and the relation among morality and different normative domain names. Wallace's remedies of those subject matters are right away refined and fascinating. Taken jointly, they represent an commercial for a particular means of pursuing matters in ethical psychology and the speculation of sensible cause, they usually articulate and protect a unified framework for brooding about these concerns. the amount additionally contains a beneficial new introduction.

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Additional info for Normativity and the Will: Selected Essays on Moral Psychology and Practical Reason

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But as the analogy with belief shows, the intepretation to opt for would anyway be the second. That is, the rationalist should say that pure practical reason is possible, because agents can acquire both new motivations, and the motivated desires implicated in such motivations, by coming to grasp and understand the particular reasons that they have for acting in certain ways. Of course, for this to be a satisfying account we will need to be convinced that the motivated desires involved here really are explicable solely in terms of the agent’s new beliefs, plus principles or norms of rationality; otherwise what is represented as ‘coming to grasp and understand the particular reason for action that one has’ will not be a genuine case of pure practical reflection.

I assume here that when Hume describes the passions as original existences, he is not necessarily denying that they have propositional content, but only denying that their content is ‘representational’—such as aims to fit the way the world is. For discussion of this and other possible interpretations, see Mark Platts, ‘Hume and Morality as a Matter of Fact’, Mind 97 (1988), 189–204, sects. 6–9. ¹⁴ This teleological aspect of action-explanations is entirely left out of account in the argument which Richard Warner gives for the coherence of a rationalist account of motivation, in Freedom, Enjoyment and Happiness (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987), 42–5.

Presumably, everyone would agree ⁴⁹ ‘Internal and External Reasons’, 109. ⁵⁰ Ibid. 109–10. Cf. Brad Hooker, ‘Williams’ Argument against External Reasons’, Analysis, 47 (1987), 42–4, for a similar criticism of this part of Williams’s discussion. ⁵¹ ‘Internal and External Reasons’, 109. How to Argue about Practical Reason 37 that an agent could come to draw a new theoretical conclusion by coming to believe that there is reason to draw that conclusion. But suppose we now ask the question that is the analogue of Williams’s question in the practical case: namely, in what might the content of the belief possibly consist?

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Normativity and the Will: Selected Essays on Moral Psychology and Practical Reason by R. Jay Wallace

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