By Koichi Usami (Editor)
Enlargement of non-standard employment lower than globalization is generally saw in the entire newly industrializing international locations. This booklet explores the deregulation of work markets, social defense for nonstandard staff, and social defense reforms according to the transformation of employment.
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Additional info for Non-standard Employment under Globalization: Flexible Work and Social Security in the Newly Industrializing Countries (IDE-JETRO)
However, this was not reflected in wage levels; after peaking in 1993 and 1994, there was a decline in real average wages in the manufacturing sector. But even the peak average wages in 1994 represented no more than about 85 percent of the average in the second half of the 1970s (Dávila Capella 1997: 302). Although 1,300,000 new workers entered the Mexican labor market annually during the 1990s, only an average of 600,000 jobs were created, and jobs with social insurance accounted for less than 450,000 workers.
Such members in the CTM numbered 926,500 in 1997, 896,900 in 2000, and then fell by half to 454,000 in 2003. On the other hand, the number of independent labor unions increased from 67 in 1986, to 373 in 1997, and 469 in 2000, while the number of their affiliate members also grew from 52,500 in 1986, to 248,800 in 1993, 282,300 in 1997, and 1,101,000 in 2000, reaching a size that exceeded the CTM. However, the overall number of union members in Mexico showed a downward trend, falling from 4,700,000 in 2000 to 3,730,000 in 2003.
However, the interests of the CTM were in protecting the rights that its leaders enjoyed, rather than the problems the workers were facing. On the other hand, the UNT insisted on the independence of the union movement, but it basically shared the neoliberal views of the government and business. Furthermore, since the majority of its affiliated labor unions had strong bargaining power and hardly felt the impact of globalization, there was a high possibility of solving individual problems through collective contracts.
Non-standard Employment under Globalization: Flexible Work and Social Security in the Newly Industrializing Countries (IDE-JETRO) by Koichi Usami (Editor)