By Jutta Heckhausen, Heinz Heckhausen
Motivation and motion supplies an in depth and in-depth evaluation of the varied strains of study in motivational psychology, when it comes to its old foundations, up to date conceptual advancements, and empirical examine. the foremost sessions of inspired habit are addressed and the serious methods fascinated with motivation and volition are mentioned intimately. varied conceptual and empirical traces of study are built-in and analyzed as to the typical matters and phenomena they handle, therefore offering a Most worthy instruction for realizing debates in present motivational, academic, and social psychology.
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Additional info for Motivation and Action
The adult personality is an outcome of drives and their vicissitudes in childhood. ” Psychoanalytic therapies make it possible to access the causes of these developmental disturbances and to “rework” them. 4. Drives develop through a number of psychosexual stages, sequentially focused on specific erogenous zones (areas around various body cavities that are sensitive to pleasure) that dominate the pleasure seeking of that stage and provide for its satisfaction.
At the start of his career he was influenced by European psychology, with its introspective analyses of volitional phenomena, as well as by the Darwinian revolution, with its focus on the heredity of behavioral characteristics. His assessment of the relative merits of each approach laid the foundations for Anglo-American motivation research in the 20th century. In his influential work Introduction to Social Psychology (1908), which, despite its title, addressed the psychology of motivation, and of which there were more than 30 editions, he argued against the European volitional perspective, and in favor of an approach based on instinct theory.
The connotative content of concepts also changed with the biases and assumptions that dominated a particular era, however, increasing or decreasing their popularity. The nomenclature at the beginning of the last century is a case in point. At that time, the battle was between “motives” and “reasons” as directing the choice between alternative courses of behavior or as governing the 10 emergence of a decision to do or not to do something. It was then that volition or “will” took effect to insure that an intention, once formed, would be followed up by the active pursuit of a goal.
Motivation and Action by Jutta Heckhausen, Heinz Heckhausen