By Thomas Nagel
Thomas Nagel's Mortal Questions explores a few basic matters about the which means, nature and cost of human lifestyles. questions on our attitudes to demise, sexual behaviour, social inequality, struggle and political energy are proven to steer to extra evidently philosophical difficulties approximately own identification, cognizance, freedom, and price. This unique and illuminating publication goals at a sort of figuring out that's either theoretical and private in its energetic engagement with what are actually problems with existence and loss of life.
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Extra resources for Mortal Questions (Canto)
Aristotle’s essentialist answer: our capacity for robust reason. The proper function of reason is to enable us to live a functional, flourishing life. ), and act on the outcomes of our reasonings over the course of our lives, then we will experience eudaimonia (variously translated as happiness, success, well-being, and—my favorite—proper functioning). The person reasoning well will act so as to cultivate those states of being—the virtues—that enable him to function properly. Sarah Broadie (Ethics with Aristotle, 1991, p.
David Brink (1989) argues that accounts of value that make values subjective (such as hedonistic or desire-satisfaction theories) fall prey to a fatal gedanken 6750 CH02 UG 4/2/03 30 6:54 PM Page 30 Chapter 2 from Robert Nozick. If we had an “experience machine” that we could connect to our brains so as to provide continual satisfaction of our desires, none of us would choose to connect ourselves to this machine. This belies the fact that value is not merely a reflection of our subjective desires but involves interaction with a world that contains value.
In Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong, John L. Mackie, Eliminative Unionist, argues forcefully for an error theory regarding the meaning of moral terms. Mackie contends that our ordinary use of moral language implies that moral values are objective, but that philosophers have not spent enough time investigating the non-conceptual component of this claim to objectivity. This is a case, he contends, where conceptual analysis is, thankfully, not enough, as the argument in favor of such things as objective moral values is far from proven.
Mortal Questions (Canto) by Thomas Nagel