Read e-book online Moral Realism: A Defence PDF

By Russ Shafer-Landau

ISBN-10: 0199280207

ISBN-13: 9780199280209

Moral Realism is a scientific defence of the concept that there are aim ethical criteria. Russ Shafer-Landau argues that there are ethical ideas which are actual independently of what somebody, at any place, occurs to think about them. His principal thesis, in addition to the various novel helping arguments used to shield it, will spark a lot controversy between these occupied with the principles of ethics.

Reviews

"A conscientiously built security of a non-naturalistic ethical realism. Shafer-Landau covers a variety of fabric, providing a powerful array of arguments either in delivering confident aid for his place and undermining opposing views...this e-book could be the concentration of a lot realization in metaethical discussion." -- The evaluate of Metaphysics

"A booklet of exceptional scope and ambition...clear and interesting throughout...[Shafer-Landau] develops a couple of novel arguments for what's guaranteed to be a arguable set of at the same time aiding and philosophically attention-grabbing positions...very a lot worthy analyzing. it's also obtainable and fascinating sufficient to be worthwhile for educating complex undergraduates."--Michael Ridge, Australasian magazine of Philosophy

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Extra resources for Moral Realism: A Defence

Sample text

Since there are no moral truths to be known, expressivists needn't entangle themselves in the epistemological contortions involved in explaining the perception of a sui generis realm of facts. e. properties whose instantiations are scientifically verifiable). If, as non-naturalists argue, goodness and rightness are not the very same thing as any natural property, then how can we ever know whether anything is good or right? We have fairly wellworked-out theories for detecting the presence of natural properties in the natural world, but the detection of a realm of non-natural properties raises problems.

And this means that the non-cognitivist must either try to reduce such normative notions as reasons, rationality, legitimacy, justification, relevance, appropriateness, and warrant, or supply a non-cognitivist diagnosis of our employment of them. There is no internal inconsistency in a non-cognitivist about ethics seeking reductions in other domains. But naturalistic reductions of normative concepts aren't promising (more on this in Part II), and noncognitivists have traditionally relied on this to buttress their antireductionist, expressivist diagnoses.

Non-cognitivists in ethics, nowadays known as expressivists, will see the notion of a moral fact as akin to that of a fact about devils or phlogiston. There aren't any such facts, and so it doesn't pay to try to reduce this sort of talk to that which describes some genuine aspect of reality. Such talk never refers. We need some care here, however, since this stance is compatible with both non-cognitivism and a kind of cognitivist view. The cognitivist line says that the relevant language is conveyed by beliefs which purport to be descriptive, but that there is a massive error of presupposition that underlies the vocabulary.

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Moral Realism: A Defence by Russ Shafer-Landau


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