By Professor Dr. Rangaswamy Narasimhan (auth.)
This ebook reviews language behaviour within the greater context of modelling or ganismic behaviour extra ordinarily. It begins out from the elemental premise that what's attribute of organismic behaviour is that an organism makes use of its behavioural acts to complete anything in its interactions with the area during which it unearths itself. those beneficial properties, that an organism has a behav ioural repertoire and that it deploys particular behavioural acts from its repertoire in an intentional manner, outline the agentive nature of an organism. The examine of organismic behaviour, then, needs to essentially trouble itself with this agentive element of an organism and make certain what buildings and proces ses underlie those intentional organismic acts. we must always have the ability to say what primitive constructions and what primitive strategies prepare in what methods may give upward thrust to the categories of behavioural acts an organism engages in. Any rationalization of behaviour that we formulate by way of underlying constructions and approaches needs to be testable and has to be consonant with the saw pheno menological elements of such behaviour.
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Extra resources for Modelling Language Behaviour
As we shall see later, chimpanzees that have been taught languagelike behaviour have convincingly demonstrated this capability. Geschwind's main conjecture could still be true so far as spontaneous language acquisition is concerned. Later in this chapter we shall discuss a model for language acquisition and use which is also based in an essential way on the availability of associative connections between the various modalities via a second-signalling system. Even if animals do not acquire language b~haviour on their own, the question remains whether they could be taught to function in the language modality through systematic training.
They are based on prolonged and systematic learning and training. 6 It is an exceptionally small proportion of human beings who come to exhibit these aspects of language behaviour with facility. S and consider in more detail this distinction between naive and recondite use of language behaviour. We shall contrast there oral speech with speech determined by written texts and argue that the phenomenological aspects associated with language behaviour in these two modes are quite different. The behavioural mechanisms underlying oral speech are what are of relevance to modelling naive natural language behaviour - specifically child language behaviour.
That is, we should be able to say what primitive processes put together in what ways can give rise to such behaviour. This is the essence of the Pavlovian approach - the systems approach - to the study of organisms that we referred to at the start of this chapter. However, it is clear that controlled expLoratory experiments would have to be performed in great detail before the nature of specific behaviour - specific action schemata - can be articulated. The major methodological problem that arises in this context relates to the fact that aspects of an agent can seldom be isolated in order to study the nature of specific actions, or the relationship between one action and another.
Modelling Language Behaviour by Professor Dr. Rangaswamy Narasimhan (auth.)