Masculinity and Science in Britain, 1831–1918 - download pdf or read online

By Heather Ellis

ISBN-10: 1137311738

ISBN-13: 9781137311733

ISBN-10: 1137311746

ISBN-13: 9781137311740

This publication bargains the 1st in-depth examine of the masculine self-fashioning of medical practitioners in 19th and early twentieth-century Britain. targeting the British organization for the development of technology, based in 1831, it explores the complicated and dynamic shifts within the public snapshot of the British ‘man of technological know-how’ and questions the prestige of the common scientist as a latest masculine hero. previously, technological know-how has been tested through cultural historians basically for facts in regards to the ways that medical discourses have formed triumphing notions approximately girls and supported the expansion of oppressive patriarchal buildings. This quantity, against this, deals the 1st in-depth research of the significance of beliefs of masculinity within the development of the male scientist and British medical tradition within the 19th and early 20th centuries. From the eighteenth-century identity of the ordinary thinker with the reclusive student, to early nineteenth-century makes an attempt to reinvent the scientist as a modern gentleman, to his next reimagining because the epitome of Victorian ethical earnestness and meritocracy, Heather Ellis analyzes the complicated and altering public snapshot of the British ‘man of science’.

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67 The specific object of Brougham’s attack was Thomas Young, a long-­ standing Fellow of the Royal Society and the individual whose work he was ostensibly reviewing for the Edinburgh Review. ’ And here is the overtly gendered rub: We demand [ask], if the world of science, which Newton once illuminated, is to be changeable in its modes, as the world of taste, which is directed by the nod of a silly woman, or a pampered fop? 68 In Brougham’s construction, the decline of science in Britain, evident in the replacement of inductive method with vague hypothesis, is figured as a process of feminization or emasculation, with ‘pampered fops’ and ‘silly women’ directing the world of science once led by the great Newton.

Donald E. Hall, ‘The End(s) of Masculinity Studies’, Victorian Literature and Culture 28 (2000), 228–229. John Pettegrew, ‘Deepening the History of Masculinity and the Sexes’, Reviews in American History 31 (2002), 136. The term ‘notawoman’ definition of manhood can be found in Robert S.  58. 20.  9. 21.  427. 22.  60. In recent years, there have been growing calls from gender historians to also treat the ‘gentleman’ as a gendered ideal. See, for example, Solinger, Becoming the Gentleman; Williamson, British Masculinity in the ‘Gentleman’s Magazine’.

On the other hand, however, it is important to acknowledge the impact of the recent Napoleonic Wars. In the years following the end of the conflict, the chief contrast drawn with the man of science in popular discourse was not the gentleman but the soldier—a model of masculinity tied closely to the public demonstration of physical bravery—the polar opposite of the timid and isolated pedant-scholar. 95 Looking back to ancient and medieval history, Brewster began his article by arguing for the historical equivalence of martial valour and scientific fame.

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Masculinity and Science in Britain, 1831–1918 by Heather Ellis

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