By Stefan Szücs Ph.D., Lars Strömberg (auth.), Stefan Szücx, Lars Strömberg (eds.)
This publication is helping to appreciate during which methods neighborhood governing elites are very important for the good fortune or failure of nationwide democratic improvement. even if we all know very much in regards to the common significance of civil society and social capital for the improvement of sustainable democracy, we nonetheless recognize little approximately what particular neighborhood governing traits or political capital that have interaction with democratic improvement. The accumulated info covers time sequence of surveys from among 15 to 30 political and administrative leaders in over 100 middle-sized ecu and Eurasian towns. The research takes us around the Eighties and Nineties, going from towns in Sweden and the Netherlands - during the Baltic towns - to the towns of Belarus and Russia. The findings express the significance of neighborhood political capital in response to commitments to center democratic values, casual governance networks, and the importance of first and foremost connecting the neighborhood to worldwide, non-economic relationships.
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Additional info for Local Elites, Political Capital and Democratic Development: Governing Leaders in Seven European Countries
The average leader has held his or her present position for about 8 years. 1). The changes in institutional background of the Swedish local elite are minor in character. There is a slight tendency for the number of administrators in the local elite to decrease to some degree while the share of top politicians increased during the two decades studied. In addition, it seems that there is an increasing proportion of new individuals entering the local elite. The number of leaders with a maximum of two years in their present position as well as their total public service increased in the 1999 study.
Thus, on average, personal influence has not increased among the Swedish local elite in a way that supports the theory of a new political culture in which personal influence has become more important (Clark 1998). 6). 6 Persons/Organizations to turn to for Support 1985, 1991 and 1999 (Percent) Local elective officials Other local political leaders Local top administrative officials Groups in local party organization Local party leaders Local media 1999 Public generally 1991 Higher party leaders 1984 Neighborhood organizations Business leaders Trade unions Higher administrative officials Religious leaders Local civic action gropus 0 20 40 60 80 100 The core triangle of the Swedish local power elite includes its administrative and political executive as well as its local party organizations.
The book covers both Western Democracies, such as Sweden and Austria, as well as Central European nations such as Poland and Hungary and new nations within the former Soviet Union, like Belarus, Russia and Ukraine (Jacob, Ostrowski & Teune 1993). From these early 1990s’ data, one comparative study has further focused on democratic leadership orientations among European local elites (Szücs 1998a). A second book of national reports from the DLG studies covers a broader sample of countries (Jacob, Linder, Nabholz & Hierli 1999).
Local Elites, Political Capital and Democratic Development: Governing Leaders in Seven European Countries by Stefan Szücs Ph.D., Lars Strömberg (auth.), Stefan Szücx, Lars Strömberg (eds.)