By Karl Jaspers; Jeanne Hersch
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Extra resources for Introduction à la philosophie
1 Whatever their number, the definition of such concepts is the first step in erecting an architectonic philosophy. Architectonic and Logic In a draft for his 1867 paper "On a New List of Categories," Peirce writes: The categories of Kant are derived from the logical analysis of judgments, and those of Aristotle (framed before the separation of syntax and logic) are derived from a half-logical half-grammatical analysis of propositions. 561). Why the articulation of the categories ought to be based on logic is by no means obvious.
But so far as he has this belief, he Page 15 becomes identified with that man. And that ideal perfection of knowledge by which we have seen that reality is constituted must thus belong to a community in which this identification is complete. (W 2:271) Peirce does not here offer positive reasons to think that such a conception of the community is plausible: "the assumption that man or the community (which may be wider than man) shall ever arrive at a state of information greater than some definite finite information, is entirely unsupported by reasons"; it can only be supported by an "infinite hope" that this is the case (W 2:27172).
Mind is the community of thought, the universe of semeiotic operation. Whenever appropriate Page 14 antecedent signs have been cognized, the laws of inference ensure that a true symbol may be generated. These symbols are not much restricted by temporal and spatial factors: We may have one of Peirce's thoughts here and now, for example, if we apprehend a series of signs similar to those which led Peirce to that thought. Thought may thus be continuous across time and space, so Peirce can speak of a community of mind spread throughout infinite time and even infinite space.
Introduction à la philosophie by Karl Jaspers; Jeanne Hersch