By Liina Pylkkänen
A compositional conception of verbal argument constitution that explores how "noncore" arguments are brought into argument buildings and examines cross-linguistic version in introducing arguments.
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Extra resources for Introducing Arguments
Deﬁning a lexical entry for low applicatives is somewhat more complicated. The c-command properties of low applicatives dictate that the indirect object must c-command the direct object, as in (14a). However, the interpretations in (7) suggest a structure like the one in (14b), where the applicative head and the indirect object combine with the N of the direct object. In (14b), the applied argument would end up bearing a relation only to the direct object, and the verb could take the direct object as its argument as usual.
C. Low ‘from’-applicative from transitive Liisa myi Mati-lta talo-n. ’) d. Low ‘from’-applicative from unaccusative Liisa-lta tippui avaimet. ’ Like their English counterparts, Finnish low applied arguments are unavailable for depictive modiﬁcation in actives, (59a), but are available for it in passives, (59b). Further, depictives can modify raised applied arguments of unaccusatives, (59c), which shows that licensing depictive secondary predication is a general property of A-movement, not only of passivization.
Yes No 2. Can static verbs be applicativized? Yes No 3. If the language has a depictive secondary predicate with the English distribution, is the applied argument available for depictive modiﬁcation? Yes No c. Depictive cannot modify implicit external argument *Keku u poq i lodhur. ’ d. Depictive can modify DP inside PP Drita poqi per Agimin e lodhur. ’ Unsurprisingly, Albanian depictives can also modify high applied arguments, but since they can also modify the PP version of the high applicative as in (46e), the test is irrelevant.
Introducing Arguments by Liina Pylkkänen