By Editors M. Maggetti and B. Messiga
This quantity offers a vast view of the applying of geoscience innovations to the learn of monuments and gadgets from excavations and museums, together with their beginning, means of manufacture, age and conservation, and reaffirms the real contribution of geosciences within the interdisciplinary method of the research of advanced fabrics comparable to minerals, rocks, glass, metals, mortar, plaster, slags and pottery. The papers during this booklet hide 3 themes: the learn of pottery, glass, stone and mortar; the appliance of Raman spectroscopy to a large choice of items; and the way forward for archaeometry. those interdisciplinary experiences comprise box geology, geophysics, microscopy, textural research, actual tools and geochemistry. those reviews liberate info from the traditional fabrics, equivalent to the provenance of uncooked fabrics, the firing expertise, the traditional recipes and the alteration pathways.Also on hand: Forensic Geoscience: ideas, options And purposes - ISBN 1862391610 typical Stone, Weathering Phenomena, Conservation options and Case reviews - ISBN 1862391238 Geoarchaeology: Exploration, Environments, assets - ISBN 1862390533
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Extra resources for Geomaterials in Cultural Heritage (Geological Society Special Publication No. 257)
A large heavy well-polished Tamo object in a horseshoe shape and labelled 'rock' also yielded only calcite. (This object has been referred to as a 'ceinture/joug' (belt or yoke in English), although this shape has also been considered as a form upon which leather was worked to make large objects, such as a saddle. ) These data suggested that the rock in each case was composed essentially of calcite (Smith 1999, 2005a), probably marble, the compact dense metamorphosed form of chalk or limestone.
A Teotihuacan mask (Fig. l h) labelled 'marble' was composed of layers of greenish-white and greenish-grey colour with parts polished to create angular patterns (glyphs); this artefact rapidly revealed calcite (CaCO3) in both colour zones. A large heavy well-polished Tamo object in a horseshoe shape and labelled 'rock' also yielded only calcite. (This object has been referred to as a 'ceinture/joug' (belt or yoke in English), although this shape has also been considered as a form upon which leather was worked to make large objects, such as a saddle.
SMITH Prehistoric rock art. h~: EDWARDS, H. G. M & CHALMERS, J. (eds) Raman Spectroscopy in Archaeology and Art Histotx. The Royal Society of Chemistry, London, 429-464. BOUCHARD, M. & SMITH, D. C. 2005b. Raman spectroscopic study of corroded metals, h~: RULL, F. SMITH, D. C. & EDWARDS, H. G. M. (eds) GEORAMAN and ARCHAEORAMAN. Universidad Valladolid, Valladolid (in press). , PASTERIS, J. , et al. 2002, Laser Raman spectroscopy used to study the ocean at 3600-m depth. LOS Transactions American Geophysical Union, 83, 469-470.
Geomaterials in Cultural Heritage (Geological Society Special Publication No. 257) by Editors M. Maggetti and B. Messiga