By Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt
The chapters during this publication supply concrete examples from around the globe to teach how neighborhood livelihoods in mineral-rich tracts may be extra sustainable by way of totally integrating gender matters into all features of the connection among mining practices and mine affected groups. by means of the mining and the mine-affected groups via a gender lens, the authors point out numerous functional suggestions to mitigate the affects of mining on women's livelihoods with no undermining women's voice and standing in the mine-affected groups. The time period 'field' within the name of this quantity isn't limited to the open-cut pits of enormous scale mining operations that are male-dominated places of work, or with mining as a masculine, capital-intensive undefined, but in addition connotes the broader variety of mineral extractive practices that are conducted informally by way of men and women of artisanal groups at a lot smaller geographical scales through the mineral-rich tracts of poorer international locations.
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Extra info for Gendering the field : towards sustainable livelihoods for mining in mining communities
As women’s needs and aspirations in a community are often quite different from those of men, undertaking a gender analysis that identifies these distinct needs and establishing projects that ensure they are met with would seem adequate to the situation. It could also ensure that women’s needs were met, an end not that is not secure by applying gender mainstreaming. In my experience miners view such benefits ambivalently. They are a cost at a time when the profits have not begun to roll in. Mining companies recognise that electricity, water supplies, roads and hospitals are necessary for their own enterprise and as such can be extended to the local community more cheaply than other infrastructure.
My research and experience of working in PNG over the last 30 years suggest that improving gender equity is a lot more complicated. Whatever gender mainstreaming might be in academic terms, by the time it gets into aid projects or workplace policies it has become ‘add women and stir’ with nobody prepared to actually do this. If gender equality is to be achieved in a period of a decade, specialised programs for women are needed. Stephen Lewis’ work on HIV/AIDS in Africa provides a discussion of this, which for all its polemic struck me as directly applicable to women’s employment in mining in PNG: … gender mainstreaming is a pox for women.
In most countries, even those where women have been in the labour force for generations, the burden of domestic labour continues to be disproportionate. Mining projects occur in rural areas where there is rarely any precedent for employment for local women. In PNG, where gardening and the provision of the family’s staple food is part of their domestic duties, many women who work continue to grow gardens for their food supply. In interviews, the overwhelming majority of female employees in Lihir reported that at least one of their days off each week was spent working in their gardens.
Gendering the field : towards sustainable livelihoods for mining in mining communities by Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt