Read e-book online Ethics and Policy of Biometrics: Third International PDF

By Roderick B. Woo (auth.), Ajay Kumar, David Zhang (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642125948

ISBN-13: 9783642125942

ISBN-10: 3642125956

ISBN-13: 9783642125959

The prior decade has noticeable large progress within the call for for biometrics and knowledge safeguard applied sciences in purposes starting from legislations enforcement and immigration keep watch over to on-line safety. the advantages of biometrics applied sciences are obvious as they develop into very important applied sciences for info safeguard of governments, enterprise organisations, and members. while, even though, using biometrics has raised matters as to problems with ethics, privateness, and the coverage implications of its wi- unfold use. The large-scale deployment of biometrics applied sciences in e-governance, e-security, and e-commerce has required that we release a world discussion on those matters, a discussion that needs to contain key stakeholders and that needs to contemplate the criminal, poli- cal, philosophical and cultural facets of the deployment of biometrics applied sciences. The 3rd overseas convention on Ethics and coverage of Biometrics and Inter- tional information Sharing was once hugely winning in facilitating such interplay between - searchers, policymakers, shoppers, and privateness teams. This convention was once supported and funded as a part of the increase venture in its ongoing attempt to enhance broad consensus and coverage tips on moral, scientific, felony, social, cultural, and political matters within the utilization of biometrics and information safety applied sciences. The - tential issues over the deployment of biometrics platforms might be together addressed by way of constructing shrewdpermanent biometrics applied sciences and via constructing rules for the - ployment of biometrics applied sciences that sincerely demarcate conflicts of curiosity - tween stakeholders.

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Read or Download Ethics and Policy of Biometrics: Third International Conference on Ethics and Policy of Biometrics and International Data Sharing, ICEB 2010, Hong Kong, January 4-5, 2010. Revised Papers PDF

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Extra resources for Ethics and Policy of Biometrics: Third International Conference on Ethics and Policy of Biometrics and International Data Sharing, ICEB 2010, Hong Kong, January 4-5, 2010. Revised Papers

Sample text

The "Antony Imiela Case" [13] from the UK exemplifies the problematic nature of DNA mass screenings. 6 rapes occured in different parts of the UK between November 2001 and October 2002, the first one, which took place in Kent district, led to the collection of over 2000 samples from volunteers, giving no match in the NDNAD (UK National DNA Database). The next 4 rapes, all taking place in other districts, showed that the rapist was not bound to a specific area (and accordingly was given the title of "the M-25 rapist").

The main reason for that is the individual genetic information inherently included in the sample, which is not relevant for identification of its owner [32]. It is feared that samples may be used in research, not necessarily relevant to the initial definition of forensic DNA databases as identification means [33]. Two types of this phenomenon, termed as "function creep", may be considered: (a) Utilization of information stored in a given database for further development of means serving its initial general purpose, and (b) Its utilization for completely different purposes [34].

Zadok 4 DNA Dragnets or Intelligence Led DNA Mass Screenings DNA mass screenings are defined [7] as: ".. [e]ssentially warrantless searches administered en masse to large numbers of persons whose only known connection with a given crime is that authorities suspect that a particular class of individuals may have had the opportunity to commit it" DNA mass screenings are performed in many countries. In the UK more than 280 screenings were executed until early 2006, involving over 80000 volunteers, giving an average size of 285 volunteers per screening [8].

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Ethics and Policy of Biometrics: Third International Conference on Ethics and Policy of Biometrics and International Data Sharing, ICEB 2010, Hong Kong, January 4-5, 2010. Revised Papers by Roderick B. Woo (auth.), Ajay Kumar, David Zhang (eds.)


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