By EMORY L. KEMP, Robert J. Kapsch, Lance E. Metz
Emory Kemp is the founder and director of the Institute for the historical past of expertise and business Archaeology at West Virginia college, the place he additionally served as a chair and professor of civil engineering and a professor of historical past. This selection of essays encompasses over fifty years of his learn within the box of the background of technology.
Within those twelve essays, Kemp describes and analyzes 19th century advancements in construction fabrics equivalent to iron, metal, and cement; roads and bridges, specially the evolution of the suspension bridge; canals and navigable rivers, together with the Ohio River and its tributaries; and water provide platforms. As one of many few practising American engineers who additionally researches and writes as an educational, Kemp provides a huge historic context to his paintings via focusing not just at the development of a constitution but additionally at the analytical technological know-how that heralds a structure’s layout and improvement.
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Extra resources for Essays on the History of Transportation and technology
Even as late as the Napoleonic War, roads in both Britain and America were in an appalling state. Yet in the Renaissance period, interest in the Romans provided an insight into the superb road system the Romans must have had. Roman achievements in road building provided an inspiration and an example for better roads. By the end of the seventeenth century, national governments, particularly the French, were in a better position to finance and construct roads and canals on a national scale. 3 Dating from this time roads in France were laid out with considerably better alignment and better drainage.
This work, entitled Report on the Physics and Hydraulics of the Mississippi by 39 Chapter 2 Humphrey and Abbot, was published in 1861 and was heralded at home and abroad as a brilliant piece of work. S. Topographical Engineers that this study remained a standard reference in Army engineering circles for decades. With the Corps of Engineers responsible for navigation only and not flood control or low-water augmentation in navigation channels, the main practical thrust of this work can be summarized as the levees-only approach to river control.
Road building proved too costly for the counties alone and the legislature authorized the construction of toll roads where it was hoped that the tolls would pay for the cost of the road and its later maintenance. In 1772, the Virginia legislature authorized the first toll road between Jenny’s Gap and Warm Springs in Augusta County. One of the early and most successful toll roads, the Little River Turnpike was chartered in 1811. In the early days of the turnpikes the General Assembly provided some of the money and the rest was raised by lottery.
Essays on the History of Transportation and technology by EMORY L. KEMP, Robert J. Kapsch, Lance E. Metz