Ann Danaiya Usher's DAMS AS AID A political anatomy of Nordic development PDF

By Ann Danaiya Usher

ISBN-10: 0415154642

ISBN-13: 9780415154642


Dams have severe environmental and social affects. Public competition to dams exists in nearly each nation the place there's the democratic area to precise dissent. Western donors face an intractable issue once they provide dams as relief. This booklet explores how reduction firms deal with this dilemma.

Dams as reduction is a serious exploration of dams which sheds gentle at the wider problems with the political economic climate of relief, the surroundings debate and North—South hyperlinks. Focusing rather on Nordic (Swedish and Norwegian) reduction for hydro dams within the constructing global, it describes why dams aren't any longer inbuilt the sector, the mechanism during which Northern relief funds subsidizes the dams to discover new markets within the South, and the struggles and politics surrounding dam initiatives, targeting 3 Nordic-financed dam initiatives in Chile, Tanzania and Laos.

This ebook seems at strength dams from the perspective in their social and environmental affects, and the way those affects are reviewed by means of Nordic donors. The Nordic concentration highlights styles within the aid-financing of hydro-power tasks linking donors, experts and dam-building agencies that exist with different multilateral tasks. whereas the trend is mostly obscured by means of a bewildering variety of nations, businesses and associations, lots of that are hugely secretive, the Nordic concentration during this booklet offers the chance to watch the method in a clearer, extra obvious form.

It strains the direct connections among the tip of the dams period within the North and the export of the expertise to the South, through reduction. via specific research of dams/ reduction case stories, the booklet situates case stories in a extensive comparative and theoretical perspective.

Contributors: Øystein Dalland, Lars Lövgren, Claude Mung’ong’o, Gráinne Ryder, Juan Pablo Orrego Silva, Maria Vedin.

Ann Danaiya Usher has coated wooded area and water politics and North—South questions as a journalist due to the fact 1987. In Bangkok she labored as a employees author at the Thai day-by-day newspaper, The country. relocating to Stockholm in 1993 she has investigated the environmental affects of Nordic relief initiatives whereas operating for the Swedish environmental journal Sveriges Natur, after which as a correspondent for the Oslo-based magazine improvement this present day.

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The environmental impact assessment for the project claimed that the forest was already largely degraded by local Karen farmers, and that the area had no special characteristics. It therefore predicted no negative impacts, but concluded that the project would generate income from logging in the flood zone. Nam Choan was stopped because of massive public opposition. The folly of the project was underlined when, three years later, that same area was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site on account of its spectacular biological diversity.

Enström’s interpretation is as follows: the stone represents the cold, harsh land of the North; the metal tube passing through its centre, the Lule river; the zig-zagged aluminium rod at the top, the small tributaries that flow into the mainstream, increasing its power; while the palm prints represent the bare hands of the men who worked to carve a civilization out of this forbidding landscape (Karl Axel Enström, Interview, 17 January, 1996). Enström attributes this interpretation to the artist.

The dam-building era for most of the rich world peaked during the middle decades of this century. By the 1970s, public opposition to dams was such that the relevant industries in countries like the United States, Norway, Sweden, Canada, Australia, France and Austria found themselves forced to look for new markets. Their building spree in the Third World began at this time, aided in no small measure by the development aid institutions, in particular the World Bank, and the bilateral aid agencies.

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DAMS AS AID A political anatomy of Nordic development thinking by Ann Danaiya Usher

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