By Stephen Turnbull
I used to be disillusioned with the 1st quantity so I behind schedule prior to analyzing the second one. It used to be an errors. This was once a way more relaxing to learn and turns out to have extra content material. while I felt the Prussian quantity skimped on all however the structure and the association simply because the rest was once right merely to a different sequence just like the Campaigns, this quantity tells you even more concerning the heritage, and the tale of those castles is interesting. you will not locate a lot written approximately Baltic heritage and Turnbull is a smart tale teller. I merely want it was once two times the size. hugely prompt.
Read or Download Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560 PDF
Similar archaeology books
Archaeology in perform: A scholar advisor to Archaeological Analyses bargains scholars in archaeology laboratory classes a close and useful how-to guide of archaeological equipment and offers perception into the breadth of contemporary archaeology.
Written via experts of fabric analyses, whose services represents a wide geographic variety
Includes quite a few examples of functions of archaeological recommendations
Organized by means of fabric kinds, reminiscent of animal bones, ceramics, stone artifacts, and documentary assets, or by means of issues, similar to courting, ethics, and file writing
Written accessibly and amply referenced to supply readers with a advisor to extra assets on suggestions and their functions
Enlivened through a number of boxed case experiences through the major textual content
The Archaeology Coursebook is an unrivalled consultant to scholars learning archaeology for the 1st time. finished and straightforward, it is going to curiosity pre-university scholars and lecturers in addition to undergraduates and lovers. in particular designed to aid studying it introduces the main quite often tested archaeological equipment, ideas and topics and illustrates techniques and remark with over two hundred photos and drawings of excavation websites, method and strategies, instruments and gear.
An built-in photograph of prehistory as an energetic means of discovery. international Prehistory and Archaeology: Pathways via Time, 3rd version, offers an built-in dialogue of worldwide prehistory and archaeological equipment. this article emphasizes the relevance of the way we all know and what we all know approximately our human prehistory.
The importance of use-wear experiences in archaeological study performs an immense function as a proxy to prehistoric techno-cultural reconstruction. the current quantity, divided into 5 thematic sections, contains chapters discussing a number of diversified study equipment, concepts, chronologies and areas.
- Approaches to Archaeological Ceramics
- Religion at Work in a Neolithic Society: Vital Matters
- Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology
- The Archaeologist's Manual for Conservation: A Guide to Non-Toxic, Minimal Intervention Artifact Stabilization
Additional info for Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560
Henry of Livonia tells us that these weapons were unfamiliar to the Estonians, so 'they had not strengthened their houses against the force of these missiles'. But even catapults were not enough to capture the fort: The Germans came down, brought flames to the fort and set it on fire. The Estonians pulled apart the flaming planks and the burning timbers of the wall and dragged them away. On the next day, when the burning was over, they replaced everything, and the survivors nerved themselves again for the defence.
An assault, often using fire, would follow. A good example dates from 1211. At Fellin (Viljandi) in Estonia, the stronghold of the Saccalians, a fierce attack was launched but went very much against the crusaders. The Estonians killed and captured several of the attackers and seized their armour and helmets. These they subsequently wore up on the ramparts for the besiegers to see. One advantage the crusaders seem to have had was in their archery, and they managed to drive the garrison back sufficiently to allow a respite to build a movable siege tower: The Livonians and Letts carried wood and filled the moat up from bottom to top, and pushed the tower over it.
In 1701, at the beginning of the Great Northern War, the Swedish King Charles XII used Bauske as a storage base and frontier guard post. It surrendered to the Russians in 1705, and in 1706 Peter the Great ordered it to be slighted. Bauske was originally built in the shape of an irregular quadrangular fortress on a promontory where two rivers met. It had five towers connected by thick fortification walls that had garrison buildings attached to them on the inside. The entrance to the castle was at its eastern end, guarded by two four-storey towers.
Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560 by Stephen Turnbull