Download e-book for kindle: Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights: The Stone Castles by Stephen Turnbull

By Stephen Turnbull

ISBN-10: 1841767123

ISBN-13: 9781841767123

I used to be disillusioned with the 1st quantity so I behind schedule prior to analyzing the second one. It used to be an errors. This was once a way more relaxing to learn and turns out to have extra content material. while I felt the Prussian quantity skimped on all however the structure and the association simply because the rest was once right merely to a different sequence just like the Campaigns, this quantity tells you even more concerning the heritage, and the tale of those castles is interesting. you will not locate a lot written approximately Baltic heritage and Turnbull is a smart tale teller. I merely want it was once two times the size. hugely prompt.

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Additional info for Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560

Sample text

Henry of Livonia tells us that these weapons were unfamiliar to the Estonians, so 'they had not strengthened their houses against the force of these missiles'. But even catapults were not enough to capture the fort: The Germans came down, brought flames to the fort and set it on fire. The Estonians pulled apart the flaming planks and the burning timbers of the wall and dragged them away. On the next day, when the burning was over, they replaced everything, and the survivors nerved themselves again for the defence.

An assault, often using fire, would follow. A good example dates from 1211. At Fellin (Viljandi) in Estonia, the stronghold of the Saccalians, a fierce attack was launched but went very much against the crusaders. The Estonians killed and captured several of the attackers and seized their armour and helmets. These they subsequently wore up on the ramparts for the besiegers to see. One advantage the crusaders seem to have had was in their archery, and they managed to drive the garrison back sufficiently to allow a respite to build a movable siege tower: The Livonians and Letts carried wood and filled the moat up from bottom to top, and pushed the tower over it.

In 1701, at the beginning of the Great Northern War, the Swedish King Charles XII used Bauske as a storage base and frontier guard post. It surrendered to the Russians in 1705, and in 1706 Peter the Great ordered it to be slighted. Bauske was originally built in the shape of an irregular quadrangular fortress on a promontory where two rivers met. It had five towers connected by thick fortification walls that had garrison buildings attached to them on the inside. The entrance to the castle was at its eastern end, guarded by two four-storey towers.

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Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560 by Stephen Turnbull

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