Citizen’s Income and Welfare Regimes in Latin America: From by Rubén Lo Vuolo PDF

By Rubén Lo Vuolo

ISBN-10: 1137077549

ISBN-13: 9781137077547

ISBN-10: 1349341207

ISBN-13: 9781349341207

Citizen's source of revenue and Welfare Regimes in Latin the United States promotes the elemental source of revenue (BI) idea as a version to reform rules of source of revenue transfers in Latin America.

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Additional info for Citizen’s Income and Welfare Regimes in Latin America: From Cash Transfers to Rights

Example text

Such defeat could explain the region’s reluctance to the proposal, and continued favoritism for the concentration of power in the Executive, low popular participation in the decision-making processes, and the perpetuation of historical inequalities in the region. As a result, the importance of guaranteeing basic levels of economic independence necessary for the exercise of political 22 RUBÉN LO VUOLO independence remains undervalued in the region. Herein lies one important obstacle for the legitimization of a policy like the CI.

18 Their positive results, improving living conditions in the poorest population, led the Cardoso administration to create in 2001 the National Minimum Income Program Linked to Schooling (the federal Bolsa Escola program). This federal program never reached more than a million children and ended up being replaced by the BF program, after Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva won the presidential elections. In Brazil, diverse CCT programs across a full decade of debate stood out as innovative and effective tools, awaiting a new institutional framework that would allow them to reach a greater scale and national scope.

16 To receive the stipend, families were required to comply with certain conditions in health (regular visits to health clinics, especially for breastfeeding women, children under five years, and pregnant women) and/or education (minimum 75 percent school attendance for children 6–17 years of age, to discourage the tendency to drop out from school). Mothers are the government’s agents in ensuring compliance with the conditions. As the nominal beneficiaries, they are held directly responsible for the program’s expected “results”; they must enforce its rules and optimize scarce resources.

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Citizen’s Income and Welfare Regimes in Latin America: From Cash Transfers to Rights by Rubén Lo Vuolo


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