World Health Organization's Cervical Cancer Screening in Developing Countries PDF

By World Health Organization

ISBN-10: 1417562021

ISBN-13: 9781417562022

ISBN-10: 9241545720

ISBN-13: 9789241545723

Show description

Read or Download Cervical Cancer Screening in Developing Countries PDF

Best cancer books

Download e-book for kindle: The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer by Siddhartha Mukherjee

Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, and now a documentary from Ken Burns on PBS, The Emperor of All Maladies is an impressive, profoundly humane “biography” of cancer—from its first documented appearances hundreds of thousands of years in the past in the course of the epic battles within the 20th century to remedy, keep watch over, and overcome it to an intensive new figuring out of its essence.

Targeted Drug Strategies for Cancer and Inflammation - download pdf or read online

The discoveries highlighted during this booklet parallel the emergence of cutting edge “molecular special” small molecules and monoclonal antibodies, i. e. brokers that concentrate on proteins inside of hugely activated sign transduction pathways that keep watch over proliferation. a few of the tumor-targeted techniques defined inside go the limits among what’s thought of to be “molecular specified” as opposed to traditional systemic remedy.

Mia K. Markey's Physics of Mammographic Imaging PDF

As a result expanding variety of electronic mammograms and the arrival of recent varieties of three-d x-ray and different kinds of clinical imaging, mammography is present process a dramatic switch. to fulfill their tasks, scientific physicists needs to regularly renew their wisdom of advances in clinical imaging or radiation remedy, and has to be ready to operate on the intersection of those fields.

Download e-book for iPad: The Death of Cancer: After Fifty Years on the Front Lines of by Vincent T. DeVita, Elizabeth DeVita-Raeburn

Melanoma touches everybody’s lifestyles in a single means or one other. yet such a lot people comprehend little or no approximately how the ailment works, why we deal with it the best way we do, and the personalities whose commitment acquired us the place we're this day. for 50 years, Dr. Vincent T. DeVita Jr. has been a kind of key avid gamers: he has held near to each significant place within the box, and he built the 1st profitable chemotherapy remedy for Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a step forward the yank Society of medical Oncologists has known as the head examine boost in part a century of chemotherapy.

Additional info for Cervical Cancer Screening in Developing Countries

Example text

Moreover, PCR-based technology requires additional skills in DNA processing and facilities with safeguards and precautions to avoid specimen contamination. 6. The validity of the currently available HPV tests in identifying HSIL and higher-grade cancers. Standard testing systems have been shown to perform with higher sensitivity than expert cytology in detecting prevalent CIN3 / HSIL or higher-grade cancers. In contrast, the specificity of the HPV test is lower than cytology in young age groups (<30), though it is comparable in the older age groups.

001) more moderate/severe lesions than cytology, but was significantly less specific. In these studies, the reference investigation by colposcopy was carried out only in test-positive women and a small proportion of test-negative women, with the result that these studies suffered from verification bias (36). It is quite likely that sensitivity may have been over-estimated as a result of verification bias, although the extent of this bias is difficult to assess because it is a function of the true prevalence of disease in each setting.

Satisfactory accuracy and reproducibility of a screening test in cross-sectional studies cannot be interpreted as evidence for potential effectiveness in reducing disease burden in VIA-based screening programme. The ongoing intervention studies in India, Peru, South Africa and other countries may provide valuable information on its longitudinal (programme) sensitivity, programme effectiveness in detecting high-grade lesions and preventing cervical cancer, as well as on safety issues. CONCLUSION ON VIA The test performance of VIA suggests that it has similar sensitivity to that of cervical cytology in detecting CIN, but has lower specificity.

Download PDF sample

Cervical Cancer Screening in Developing Countries by World Health Organization

by Richard

Rated 4.70 of 5 – based on 37 votes