Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, by J. Crossland PDF

By J. Crossland

ISBN-10: 1137399570

ISBN-13: 9781137399571

ISBN-10: 1349485802

ISBN-13: 9781349485802

James Crossland's paintings strains the historical past of the overseas Committee of the crimson go' fight to carry humanitarianism to the second one international battle, by means of targeting its tumultuous dating with one of many conflict's key belligerents and masters of the blockade of the 3rd Reich, nice Britain.

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Extra info for Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939–1945

Sample text

Open and codified cooperation with an international organization like the Committee, however amateur they viewed it, would give the British Government a means of showing the average Briton that it was acting in the best interests of those who fought and died on the nation’s behalf. 15 Beyond the signing and the ratification, the question of how this participation would change anything in Britain itself in regards to humanitarianism remained open. As Longmore was well aware, Dunant was passionate about a proposal he first raised in 1863 – that states party to the Convention ‘shall have a committee whose duty it shall be, in time of war and if need arise, to assist Army Medical Services by every means necessary in its power’.

26 It was on this basis that the BRC carried out its work in the First World War with the endorsement of Lord Kitchener himself, who recognized the role that could be filled by BRC volunteers as stretcher bearers and nurses. These duties were extended once it became clear that the war would not end quickly. By the end of September 1914, the BRC had four hospitals established in Paris, staffed by 150 nurses who had been given training under the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) scheme, a programme that had been introduced in 1909 by the General Director of the Army Medical Department in order to better integrate the BRC’s work into the military’s operations.

64 Although ostensibly this thought and preparation by both parties boded well for British–ICRC co-operation, there were some clear points of divergence between the ICRC and the representatives of Britain and the United States at the Geneva Conference. 66 Such hopes were all but buried under the weight of objections from Rumbold – the same man who believed that the Germans had manipulated the ICRC into launching the gas appeal – and his American counterpart, Hugh Wilson. Both men dismissed out of hand the proposal for the ICRC to be the primary mediator in disputes between belligerents over POW maltreatment; to investigate violations of the Convention; and, if need be, have such matters forwarded to the League of Nations Court of International Justice.

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Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939–1945 by J. Crossland


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