By Irwin Altman, Joachim F. Wohlwill
The subject matter of the current quantity issues humans' s reaction to the common surroundings, thought of at scales various from that of a home carry plant to that of sizeable desert components. Our determination to target this actual section of the actual atmosphere used to be triggered partly via the intrinsic curiosity during this topic at the a part of a various team of sodal scientists and professionals-and of laypersons, for that subject and partly by way of the relative overlook of this subject in typical remedies of the environment-behavior box. It additionally serves to deliver out once more the interdisdplinary nature of that box, and we're happy to were in a position to inc1ude representatives from geography, sodology, soda! ecology, and ordinary sport between our individuals. We think that this quantity will serve an invaluable objective in aiding to combine the locate ings and ideas during this shortly a little bit fragmented box, scat tered as they're over a truly different array of guides representing a equally different crew of spedalties. it truly is was hoping that the end result should be to stimulate destiny improvement of this quarter and so as to add a degree of in creased coherence to it. quantity 7 of our sequence may be dedicated to the subject matter of aged humans and the surroundings, with M. Powell Lawton becoming a member of us as visitor co-editor. The titles of the papers comprising quantity 7 are proven on web page v. Irwin Altman J oachim F. Wohlwill ix Contents creation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Extra info for Behavior and the Natural Environment
A good way of reformulating the question of the relevant differences between the natural and the man-made is to ask ourselves what it would take to simulate a natural environment, one that would in fact be accepted as a satisfactory surrogate by uso Some aficionados of nature would probably shrink in horror at the very suggestion that anyone might try to undertake such a simulation, or would dismiss it out of hand as a pointless undertaking, foredoomed to failure. " Krieger was actuaHy less concerned with the feasibility or desirability of simulating nature or substituting artificial equivalents for it as with the broader question of the economic and social value to be placed on nature and on tracts of nature to be preserved in an untrammeled, undeveloped condition.
3 It is a long way, obviously, from a display of artificial flowers in a dentist's office to the recreation of a total natural environment through artificial simulation. Even as seemingly simple and innocuous a "natural" object as a lawn (which is of course far from representing nature in a pure form) can be replicated through artificial me ans only rather imperfectly, as the reception accorded to synthetic turf, even on baseball fields, demonstrates. Thus, one major-Ieague ballpark (San Francisco's Candlestick Park) has recently seen its artificial surface replaced with natural grass.
7 The study focused on the children's mode of categorizing this material by means of several sorting tasks varying from completely spontaneous (the children were simply asked to arrange the set of pictures into as many piles as they wanted) to partially constrained (the children were asked to divide the set into just two piles) and finally to externally imposed (the experimenter reinforced sortings according to the Nature/Man-made differentiation through appropriate feedback of "right" and "wrong").
Behavior and the Natural Environment by Irwin Altman, Joachim F. Wohlwill