By Joanna S. Smith
Dramatic social and political switch marks the interval from the tip of the overdue Bronze Age into the Iron Age (ca. 1300–700 BCE) around the Mediterranean. Inland palatial facilities of bureaucratic energy weakened or collapsed ca. 1200 BCE whereas entrepreneurial alternate by means of sea survived or even improved, turning into the Mediterranean-wide community of Phoenician exchange. on the middle of that process used to be Kition, one of many greatest harbor towns of old Cyprus. past examine has instructed that Phoenician rule used to be proven at Kition after the abandonment of a part of its Bronze Age payment. A reexamination of Kition’s structure, stratigraphy, inscriptions, sculpture, and ceramics demonstrates that it was once no longer deserted. This examine emphasizes the situation and scale of pictures and the way they display the advance of financial and social keep an eye on at Kition from its institution within the 13th century BCE till the advance of a centralized type of govt by way of the Phoenicians, subsidized by means of the Assyrian king, in 707 BCE.
Uses a clean method of analyzing fiscal and social keep an eye on during the context and scale of vital images
Features new photos of fifty seven items and new drawings of fifteen gadgets stumbled on at Kition
Complete rereading of all Cypriot ceramics stumbled on there from the 13th century during the 7th century BCE
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Additional info for Art and Society in Cyprus from the Bronze Age into the Iron Age
8). The pendant is in the form of a bearded male head reduced in scale to the size of an amulet, which allowed it to exercise control over and protection of the wearer. Administratively, in weight it may have the value of half a shekel. 61 Whether the X mark is related to the designation of one-half is not known. There are other carved marks on the back of the pendant that appear to continue lines carved for the figure's beard. The X differs from these because it is carved more deeply and does not continue lines that form the face side of the pendant in a seamless fashion.
A standing adult human could have retained points of reference with statues that stood on the ground. Amulets, figurines, and statuettes would have to have been brought closer to eye level in order to facilitate interaction with them. No matter what time period is under discussion, small size necessitates close inspection for viewing. The smaller the size, the closer one needs to be in order to see an image in detail. TIME PERCEPTION In studies of art in the modern period, discussions of the experience of viewing the miniature placed directly on the floor evoke processes of remembering.
U 0 They suggested that as the model was reduced to a scale where it ceased to resemble the subject, the perception of time was less compressed. l3l Figurines and statuettes that could be manipulated easily by one or two hands involve different perceptions of time than do near-life-size and life-size statues. Perhaps the greater length of time perceived when working with larger-scale images would have added to their permanency and emphasis. By contrast, amulets embody images reduced beyond the immediate ability of the viewer to recognize the subject except at a close distance.
Art and Society in Cyprus from the Bronze Age into the Iron Age by Joanna S. Smith