By Luis F. Bate
En esta obra, Luis Felipe Bate propone un temario para abordar el estudio de los problemas básicos de l. a. arqueología bajo los angeles luz del materialismo dialéctico. Una premisa en el cumplimiento de esta tarea los angeles constituye el esclarecimiento de l. a. categoría de cultura sobre los angeles cual anticipa conceptos originales y sugerentes.
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Additional info for Arqueología y materialismo histórico
The hacienda was a large, rural, self-suf¤cient estate that was involved in cattle raising, sheep and goat herding, agriculture, or mining, anything that could be produced and sold for a pro¤t. The hacienda could sit on hundreds of thousands of acres and contain tens of thousands of cattle. The rancho, on the other hand, was a small rural estate that was worked by the owner and his family and was usually associated with an urban center (Jones 1996:3; Monday and Colley Household and Family at a Spanish Colonial Rancho / 29 1997:xvi; Myres 1969:22; Williams 1982:2–4).
During the 1997 season, excavations focused on areas between the East and West Cabins. Nonarbitrary levels were used to de¤ne the strata, which can be tied to the four major periods listed. Starting from the most recent strata, Level 1, dating to the Museum period, consisted of a dark, rich soil heavily mixed with gravel that once made up a gravel pathway for tourists. The central portion of the area was strikingly shallower than the northern and southern extremities. There was a considerable amount of mostly twentieth-century artifacts close to the surface.
Unfortunately, there are excavation sampling issues that in®uence the artifact analysis of these two sites. The buildings were either excavated in large areas that covered the entire interior space of the building, or narrow trenches were dug on the interior side of the walls. The only exception to this was House 2 at 41SR43, where a square was laid out and the interior was excavated in blocks. If there was any vertical distribution of artifacts inside the structures, it was not recorded by any of the excavators.
Arqueología y materialismo histórico by Luis F. Bate