By Oscar White Muscarella
'Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the traditional close to East' follows the evolution of the author’s scholarly paintings and pursuits and is split into numerous different types of interrelated fields. the 1st half offers essentially with excavations and linked artifacts, matters in old geography and the identity of old websites in northwest Iran, the author’s learn related to the tradition and chronology of the Phrygian capital at Gordion in Anatolia, and the chronology and Iranian cultural family members of a domain within the Emirate of Sharjah. half is wide-ranging and contains chapters on Aegean and historical close to japanese cultural and political interconnections, the function of fibulae in revealing cultural and chronological issues, and the gender-determined utilization of parasols and their attractiveness in excavated contexts. There also are articles particularly curious about “Plunder tradition” and the forgery of either gadgets and their alleged proveniences.
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Extra info for Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the Ancient Near East : Sites, Cultures, and Proveniences
38 chapter one The most important object from the tomb, and the only one completely preserved, is the feline-headed whetstone-scepter. The head of the feline is stylized and simple in execution, and seems to be pre-Achaemenid in style. 20 A few whetstones of a similar but smaller type are reported from the Minusinsk area in Russia. These have animal heads and were made in one piece. 21 I would tentatively suggest a pre-Achaemenid date for the whetstonescepter found in Tumulus III. 23 Sherds and other material found in the fill of a tumulus do not date its construction except in the form of an ante quem non date,24 that is to say, the objects may be interpreted as either contemporary with the erection of the tumulus (a workman scattered a pot he accidentally broke) or earlier than 20 7000 Ans d’ Art en Iran (Paris, 1961) no.
When this area was cleared, the top of a grave pit completely filled with fallen rubble stones was revealed. Powdery remains and small fragments of wood, which apparently belonged to the now decayed roof, were also recovered mixed with the rubble. No rubble stones found in the area could have served as a roof for the grave pit. 2 meters deep. The walls sloped outward slightly and were coated with a thin mud plaster. The level gravel floor of the pit was carefully covered with a layer of small pebbles to a depth of 7–8 cm.
325 (Tumulus P); AJA 64 (1960) p. 228 (Tumulus W); AJA 62 (1958) p. 147 (Tumulus MM); Bulletin of the University Museum 16 (1951) p. 11, pl. V (Tumulus G); Archaeology 3 (1950) p. 200, fig. 7 (Tumulus B); AJA 70 (1966) pp. 267 ff. (Tumuli X and Y). Kerkenes Dagh: E. Schmidt, “Test Excavations in the City of Kerkenes Dagh,” American Journal of Semitic Languages 45 (1929) pp. 250 ff. H. von der Osten, Explorations in Central Anatolia Season of 1926, Oriental Institute Publication, V (Chicago, 1929) pp.
Archaeology, Artifacts and Antiquities of the Ancient Near East : Sites, Cultures, and Proveniences by Oscar White Muscarella