By Tadashige Iwao, Makoto Okada, Yuji Takada, Makoto Amamiya (auth.), Hideyuki Nakashima, Chengqi Zhang (eds.)
Intelligent brokers stands out as the necessity of the arriving century. software program brokers will pilot us during the giant sea of data, by way of speaking with different brokers. a gaggle of cooperating brokers could accomplish a job which can't be performed by means of any subset of them. This quantity contains chosen papers from PRIMA’99, the second one Paci c Rim InternationalWorkshop on Multi-Agents, held in Kyoto,Japan, on Dec- ber 2-3, 1999. PRIMA constitutes a chain of workshops on self sustaining brokers and mul- agent structures, integrating the actions in Asia and the Pacic rim nations, equivalent to MACC (Multiagent platforms and Cooperative Computation) in Japan, and the Australian Workshop on disbursed Arti cial Intelligence. The r st workshop, PRIMA’98, used to be held at the side of PRICAI’98, in Singapore. the purpose of this workshop is to inspire actions during this e ld, and to convey togetherresearchersfromAsiaandPacic rimworkingonagentsandmultiagent concerns. in contrast to ordinary meetings, this workshop in most cases discusses and explores scienti c and functional difficulties as raised via the contributors. Participation is hence restricted to pros who've made a signi cant contribution to the themes of the workshop. issues of curiosity contain, yet aren't restricted to: - multi-agent platforms and their functions - agent structure and its functions - languages for describing (multi-)agent structures - general (multi-)agent difficulties - tough examine matters in (multi-)agent platforms - conversation and dialogues - multi-agent studying - different matters on (multi-)agent platforms We obtained forty three submissions to this workshop from greater than 10 countries.
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Extra info for Approaches to Intelligence Agents: Second Pacific Rim InternationalWorkshop on Multi-Agents, PRIMA’99 Kyoto, Japan, December 2–3, 1999 Proceedings
Z can be regarded as the rate of change with distance in the z direction of the complex amplitude of the lower side band. The variation in refractive index that causes U _(z) to be generated is abrupt and rectangular in this heuristic picture. The variation in the actual situation is smooth and sinusoidal. z, a form quite in keeping with abruptness, with dU _(z)/dz, a form more characteristic of smoothness. 19) gives the rate of growth with distance of the downshifted side band. As it starts to grow, we might expect its increase in amplitude to be at the expense of a decrease in the amplitude of the incident wave.
3, we can see that the mechanism resulting in generating U _(z) because U i (z) is phase modulated, exists also in the reverse direction. U _(z), as well as U i (z), is modulated by the moving slabs. Modulating U _(z) produces two side bands, the up-shifted one having the same frequency as U i (z). 3 in precisely the direction of propagation of U i (z). Using arguments similar to the ones already employed, we can show that these upward reflections initially will have the correct direction, frequency and phase to subtract from the incident wave.
7 , the fraction of the incident beam that is scattered into the diffracted beam is closely approximated by TJ whenever TJ « 1. 66) For high scattering efficiency, TJ should be as large as possible. 66). 53]. The symbol M2 is presently used to designate this figure. 67) Simply stated, M2 relates the diffraction efficiency to the acoustic power for a given device geometry. 65,66) apply only when the Bragg condition is precisely met between the incoming planar light waves and the planar acoustic waves doing the diffracting.
Approaches to Intelligence Agents: Second Pacific Rim InternationalWorkshop on Multi-Agents, PRIMA’99 Kyoto, Japan, December 2–3, 1999 Proceedings by Tadashige Iwao, Makoto Okada, Yuji Takada, Makoto Amamiya (auth.), Hideyuki Nakashima, Chengqi Zhang (eds.)