By P. R. S. Moorey
This is often the 1st systematic try to survey intimately the archaeological facts for the crafts and craftsmanship of the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians in historic Mesopotamia (c. 8000-300 BC). P.R.S. Moorey stories in brief the textual facts, and is going directly to learn intimately quite a lot of crafts and fabrics: stones, either universal and decorative, animal items, ceramics, glazed fabrics and glass, metals, and development fabrics. With a complete bibliography, this generously illustrated quantity might be a key paintings of reference for archaeologists and people drawn to the early background of crafts and know-how, in addition to for experts within the historical close to East.
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Extra info for Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries: The Archaeological Evidence
PI. 67-70). With the possible exception of the steatite/serpentine, the 'marbles' used for vessels at Gawra during this period, in contrast to what followed, were easily procurable in the locality. The Gawra evidence in the Ubaid period does not suggest an extensive production compared with some earlier sites. ; cf. Hall 1924: 1(9), and at Ur (Woolley 1956: 8) indicate little more than the presence of stone vessels in temple and domeslic contexts. Whether or not the remarkable collection of sherds, including some of obsidian (see p.
Without statistical data from other sites, where sherds are usually more common than complete vessels and the contexts are broadly domestic, the status of this quantity of material is hard to assess. It may be noted that only one 'alabaster' bowl was reported from Hassuna (Lloyd and Safar 1945' pI. XI. 1:4) and in the lowest level of Yarim Tcpe I, 'fragments of ten polished marble or alabaster bowls and jars, and seven palettes' (Merpert and Munchaev H)H7: IS). At Choga Mami stone bowls were rare and none was comparable to those from the neighbouring early site of Tamerkhan (Oates, J.
Evidence from other sites for Early Dynastic I-II remains meagre and difficult to use. At Ur, and elsewhere, in the earlier third millennium BC bowls are very often of limestone, rather than of calcite or gypsum, when not of lavas. lars are regularly of calcite, sometimes using its banded structure for decorative effect; but often poorly made, heavy and ungainly. It is noticeable that the squat, heavy jars with sharply cut shoulders and flanged rims (Woolley types: IN 53-4, 56-7) are commonly of gypsum, often crushed and distorted.
Ancient Mesopotamian Materials and Industries: The Archaeological Evidence by P. R. S. Moorey