By Hanns J. Prem
Outlines the vastly lengthy and intricate cultural background of Mesoamerica, in addition to the Andean continuum. It combines an summary of pre-Columbian historic occasions and events with a attention of vital study difficulties and efforts and areas the final flowering of indigenous complicated civizations inside of their respective geographic and sociocultural frameworks.
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Extra info for Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research
Next to them was one of the largest ball courts in Mesoamerica, situated near the flank of a hill supported by a giant retention wall. There were only a few luxurious living quarters, so the number of inhabitants was probably small. It is obvious at Xochicalco that there were far-reaching connections, as evidenced by borrowings from Maya culture and by sacrifices in the interior of religious buildings, where red seashells and snail shells brought in from large distances were important religious objects.
To them all I owe a world of gratitude; responsibility for the final version is entirely mine. The translation by Kornelia Kurbjuhn provided the rare and good experience that a colleague not only transposed every one of my words into another language, but examined them and often discussed them with me in detail. The time and freedom to write this book I owe to an academic grant from the Volkswagenstiftung. The manuscript of the first edition was finished toward the end of 1987. Literature published later was incorporated into the new edition as much as the framework allowed.
In the period directly prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, Mesoamerica was comprised of the modern states of Mexico south of 21° latitude, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador, roughly west of 88° longitude. NATURAL SPACEThe natural environment of Mesoamerica is marked by highlands to about two thousand meters, bordered by mountain ranges in the east and west, which run from the north to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec ever closer to each other and finally merge. About 19° latitude the highlands, which are comprised of different-sized valleys, are cut by a zone of volcanoes.
Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research by Hanns J. Prem