By J. Burian
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Extra info for Advances in Spatial Planning
As facets of amorphous time and space medieval streetscapes offer anticipation and surprise as their very essence. The sense of authenticity in the streets and squares of urban places, such as Siena, appears inspired or absorbed from surrounding nature. Siena’s maze of streets has no foliage or green spaces. Instead of an omniscient or benevolent “grand designer” behind its city-form, Siena’s urban spaces were carved each with a startling originality through the profusion of edifices by individual builders of the past.
Several planning theorists have grappled with new ways of thinking about strategic spatial planning in connection with coping with issues such as the unknown (Abbott, 2005), fluidity, and dynamic diversity (Healey, 2007). The fluid is related to the unexpected, uncertainty, contingencies. Fluidity and uncertainty go hand in hand, and uncertainty is seen as a “danger” to planning (Sandercock, 2003) as well as to planning politics (Flyvbjerg, 1991). While flexibility may be an advantage, it also means a lack of certainty, such as for investors, changing the rules of the game through the process, etc.
From the planning field, fluidity characterizes what Miraftab (2009), for example, called “insurgent citizenship” practices – those radical planning practices that respond to neoliberalism: “through the entanglement of inclusion and resistance they move across the invited and the invented spaces of citizenship” (p. 35) (see also Sandercock, 1998). Graham Houghton and Philip Allmenninger also elaborate on fluidity in their discussion of “soft spaces” in planning. They make a distinction between hard and soft spaces representing two different approaches in planning; “Hard spaces are the formal, visible arenas and processes, often statutory and open to democratic processes and local political influence.
Advances in Spatial Planning by J. Burian