By Barbara Liskov, John V. Guttag
Abstraction and Specification in application improvement deals pros in software layout and software program engineering a technique that may allow them to build courses which are trustworthy and fairly effortless to appreciate, alter, and retain. solid programming comprises the systematic mastery of complexity, and this e-book presents the 1st unified remedy of the suggestions of abstraction and specification, which, the authors argue, are the linchpin of any powerful method of programming. They position specific emphasis at the use of knowledge abstraction to supply hugely modular courses. The authors specialise in the method of decomposing huge application tasks into self reliant modules that may be assigned to self sustaining operating teams. They speak about tools of decomposition, the types of modules which are most dear during this method, and methods to extend the chance that modules produced can actually be recombined to resolve the unique programming challenge. there are lots of examples of abstractions during the textual content, and every bankruptcy ends with pertinent references and workouts. many of the pattern implementations within the e-book are written in CLU, one in every of an increasing number of languages capable of aid facts abstraction. adequate fabric is incorporated, even though, to permit the reader to paintings in Pascal besides. the cloth during this booklet was once built via the authors in the course of a decade of training undergraduate, graduate, and professional-level classes. Barbara Liskov, the developer of CLU, is Professor and John Guttag an affiliate Professor of computing device technological know-how at MIT. Abstraction and Specification in software improvement is integrated within the MIT electric Engineering and desktop technology sequence.
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Extra info for Abstraction and Specification in Program Development (MIT Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Series)
It is followed by C/CCC/C# (used in 15 applications, including but not restricted to embedded or real-time applications), PHP (seven applications), and Python (four applications). These four groups were used in 75 % of the applications for which information was available to us. Note that some applications have used more than one programming language. 8 illustrates the coverage of dedicated agent platforms in the applications. P. Müller and K. Fischer Fig. 8 Usage of agent platforms in applications (figures are absolute numbers) Fig.
As another example, Whitestein Technologies has not only created additional business in the area of logistics based on the LS/ATN reference application, it has also used the experience with LS/ATN to develop development and execution platforms (in particular, the LSTS and the Living Systems Process Suite, which have been the basis for generating additional business. Also, even if the Chilled Water System Automation case study was not commercialized, results from that project have initiated and driven further successful applications reported by the CTU team.
The large number of applications in the multi-agent systems category certainly reflects the focus towards multi-agent topics in the call for participation rather than a lack of intelligent agent or personal/UI agent applications. Also note that the three categories considered are, while being helpful, not orthogonal and of limited discriminatory power: In many multi-agent systems, single-agent local aspects play an important role. Also, human-agent interaction can be viewed as multi-agent interaction as well depending on the perspective.
Abstraction and Specification in Program Development (MIT Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Series) by Barbara Liskov, John V. Guttag