Download PDF by Alasdair MacIntyre: A Short History of Ethics (Routledge Classics)

By Alasdair MacIntyre

ISBN-10: 0415287480

ISBN-13: 9780415287487

A quick historical past of Ethics: A heritage of ethical Philosophy from the Homeric Age to the 20 th Century is a 1966 publication at the historical past of ethical philosophy by means of the Scottish thinker Alasdair MacIntyre. it's the first of a chain of books by means of MacIntyre at the heritage and improvement of ethics.

The e-book covers Greek ethics together with Plato and Aristotle, Christian ethical inspiration together with the paintings of Martin Luther and writers together with Niccolò Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Edmund Burke, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Karl Marx, Søren Kierkegaard, Arthur Schopenhauer and Friedrich Nietzsche. MacIntyre additionally discusses 20th century philosophers together with G. E. Moore, John Dewey and R. M. Hare.

According to a evaluate within the magazine of Philosophy, certainly one of MacIntyre's fundamental theses within the publication is that "moral options switch as social lifestyles changes" and accordingly philosophers who think there's one topic of moral inquiry are wrong. A overview within the British magazine of academic stories describes the booklet as a "stimulating, if hugely impressionistic, account of the background of ethics written from the viewpoint of his personal convictions concerning the nation of ethical concepts".

In a evaluation for The Philosophical evaluate, J. B. Schneewind describes the paintings as a "brilliant and provocative book" that's "not lots a historical past of ethics as an essay concerning the heritage of ethics".

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If it can be avoided, I would rather my gift not be used up; let it stay in existence, cling to my friend, and share his life. 3) No one is so foolish that he needs to be reminded not to send gladiators or animals for the hunt when the games have already been staged, or summer clothes in the winter and winter clothes at midsummer. There should be common sense in giving benefits. One should pay attention to the occasion, the place, and the people involved, since for certain things minor circumstances determine whether they are appreciated or not.

1 that he is about to add some arguments “coined . . 36–38) and to his powerful elaboration of the idea in examples and in rhetorical exhortations. 2–3, book 4 raises the discussion to a new level. Of all the books in this work, it is perhaps the most consistent in its philosophical interest, explicitly relating the subject of benefits to the fundamental doctrines of formal ethics. The formal theme is reminiscent of Plato’s Republic, where in book 2 Socrates asks whether we pursue justice for its own sake or for the sake of the good outcomes it produces; here Seneca asks whether we confer benefits and show gratitude for their own sake or for the sake of reward.

Consequently, the benefit is not the gold, the silver, or any of the things which are thought to be most important; rather, the benefit is the intention of the giver. To be sure, inexperienced observers only take note of what they see, what is handed over to someone else, and what is possessed, while they the very thing that is in fact valuable and precious. 3) The things we hold in our hands, which we gaze upon, the things that are the focus of our desires, these things are vulnerable; bad luck and injustice can take them away from us.

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A Short History of Ethics (Routledge Classics) by Alasdair MacIntyre

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